GALLERY

Clean Water and Aid for the Ndop Plain.

The Ndop Plain in the North West Province of Cameroon is at altitude 1150 metres, surrounded by mountains which to the North rise to 1700 metres. It is about 30 km square and has a number of lakes as well as other areas which are seasonally flooded. read more

NDOP PLAIN CLEAN WATER PROJECT: PROJECT FICHE

Background and rationale

Cameroon MapThe Ndop Plain in the North West Province of Cameroon is at altitude 1150 metres, surrounded by mountains which to the North rise to 1700 metres It is about 30 km square and has a number of lakes as well as other areas which are seasonally flooded. The bulk of the population of some 200,000 persons are engaged in semi-subsistence agriculture Ndop town, the main urban centre, is about one hour’s journey from the regional capital of Bamenda and seven to eight hours from the Capital city of Yaoundé.

Outside Ndop town, efforts to provide water supply systems in the past have collapsed, largely due to the use of inappropriate technology, and no longer function. Consequently, most people are using dirty water, with resultant sickness and death. The exceptions are the few with access to community based hand dug wells installed some time ago, or private wells.

Hand-dug wells are an appropriate clean water supply solution for the Ndop, and their installation forms the first element of this project. However, for many, the prospect of a community well is one far into the future. Small scale bio-sand filtration units provide a more immediate solution in these cases – a cheap means of providing clean water in situations where people are relatively close to water but it is dirty . These have the added advantage that they can form the basis of a micro-enterprise programme for their installation, rendering the operation self-sustaining. Their minimal maintenance requirements and private ownership, are added advantages in terms of sustainability.

Description

This project therefore has two parts:

This project will be operate over a period of five years with a mid-term review after two years.

Impacts

Rural communities on the Ndop Plain will experience a reduction in mortality and morbidity arising from water-borne disease, with a resultant increase in the quality of life.

Outcomes

Activities

Installation targets: This project is defined in time and has the following specific targets:

Table 1: Installation Targets

Installation Programme Year
1
2
3
4
5
TOTAL
Hand dug wells
3
5
6
8
8
30
Bio-sand filter units
100
200
550
750
1,000
2,600

Well construction: An agreed standard design of hand dug well will be used. The same design will be used in all villages where wells are to be dug Negotiations are underway with an experienced well constructor. Each hand dug well takes three weeks to complete.

Bio-sand filters: Since this is a new technology for the area (though well proven elsewhere), specialists from the USA will conduct a full training program in Ndop in November 2009 - including an explanation of the principles of bio-filtration. Practical workshop instruction will be given to specific villagers on the construction of metal moulds and the production and correct use of the concrete filters. Filters will be placed in designated households for family use. Specific training will be given to the family on the correct use of the filters including maintenance. These households will be monitored over the course of a year to establish that correct use is made of the Filters.

Micro-enterprise: Competent technicians will be encouraged to develop small businesseses around fabrication of moulds and the installation of filter units. These will be financed by micro-finance loans on favourable terms.

Management and Partners

A project manager has been appointed who will be Irish based with visits to Cameroon. It is intended to work with and through Traditional Councils, as the primary local partner in each village. The draft plan will be discussed and agreed with the Traditional Council, as well as the Quarter Council of each quarter where wells / filters will be provided. Only when agreement is reached, will implementation commence.

External partners will include Wycliffe Associates USA, who will provide technical assistance in bio-filter design installation and training, and Samaritan’s Purse (Ireland) who will validate Irish fund-raising. An advisory board will oversee the administration of the funds relating to this project.

Costs and Funding

Expected outlay and target income over the five years of the programme is set out in Table 1 overleaf. It is anticipated that total expenditure over the period will be €156,000, of which about half will relate to well digging and one third to installation of filters. The remainder will be accounted for by the purchase of moulds and administrative expenses. The subsidised sale of filter units will net €39,000, requiring income of €117,000 from other sources.

Fundraising will be sought in Ireland from churches, corporate bodies and individuals. Fund raising events will be organised, including sponsored work visits to Ndop. Funds will also be sought from small discretionary funds asdministered by Embassies and High Commissions in Cameroon.

A marketing programme for this project will be undertaken in Ireland. A brochure is available for distribution.

Table 1: Expenditure and income over the five years of the programme(Euros)

 

Expenditure Year
1
2
3
4
5
TOTAL
Purchase of Moulds

3,000

-

6,000

-

-

9,000

Bio-sand filters

2,000

4,000

11,000

15,000

20,000

52,000

Hand dug wells

7,500

12,500

15,000

20,000

20,000

75,000

Air fares and other administrative expenses

4,000

4,000

4,000

4,000

4,000

20,000

TOTAL

16,500

20,500

36,000

39,000

44,000

156,000

Income

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trust Fund

4,000

-

-

-

-

4,000

Income from other sources

11,000

17,500

27,750

27,750

29,000

113,000

Sale of filter systems

1,500

3,000

8,250

11,250

15,000

39,000

TOTAL

16,500

20,500

36,000

39,000

44000

156,000

Stakeholders

  High Interest Low Interest
High Influence Development Union
Hospitals and health centres
Village Elite
Low Influence Vulnerable children Those with existing mains water supply or with private wells

Risks and mitigation measures

Risk Mitigation measure
Not enough money to fund the project Staged implementation, in line with available funding.
Project manager cannot spend enough time in the country Train local operative or look for short-term volunteer
Technical problems in well digging Use experienced well digging team. Have more than one team available
Technical problems in bio-sand filters Ensure adequate training and possible return visit of US Team
Political problems in choosing installation sites Avoid commencement of installation until formal sign-off from local partners
Problems relating to maintenance Encourage levy system from well users